2 edition of opium trade and the Indian revenue. found in the catalog.
opium trade and the Indian revenue.
|Series||Religion of humanity, or, Human Catholicism -- no. 5|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||folder (4 p.)|
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Revenue from the opium trade financed all its governments in Southeast Asia. By the s, opium was the largest commerce of the time in any single commodity.
Inthe British Indian government legalised India's narcotics trade with China as a government monopoly, run by the Opium Department/5(4).
Indian Revenue From Indian Opium [Henry Whatley Tyler (Sir.)] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Indian Revenue From Indian Opium. The Indian opium revenue: its nature and effects: illustrated by extracts from parliamentary papers Volume Talbot collection of British pamphlets [Turner, FS] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The present gross revenue from opium may perhaps be put down at eight and a half millions, with costs of nearly two millions, leaving to Government something above six and a half millions.
But the Financial Secretary informs me that the average for the last five years is only seven millions and a quarter gross. The drug problem in South Asia is mounting. This work provides a hard-hitting view of the pro-revenue drug policies pursued by the British colonial authorities in South Asia.
Haque tells the story of the US-led inaugural for controlling colonial opium trade. The result of the research is published in Dr Bauer's new study of the trade, The Peasant Production of Opium in Nineteenth-Century India. You can write a book review and share your experiences.
Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. Opium trade, the traffic that developed in the 18th and 19th centuries in which Western countries, mostly Great Britain, exported opium grown in India and sold it to China.
The British used profits from the sales to purchase such Chinese luxury goods as porcelain, silk, and tea, which were in great demand in the West. A brilliant Indian novel about the First Opium War Balzac (and lots of people after him) thought that “Behind every great fortune there is a crime.” Nowhere is that aphorism more baldly illustrated than in the 19th-Century opium trade that enriched England, Scotland, and the United States and created a score of hereditary fortunes that have left their mark on the world for nearly two.
(A second, and bloodier, Opium War ended again in British victory in ; the Treaty of Tientsin opened still more trading ports and fixed a tariff rate for opium, thereby finally giving the trade at least quasi-legitimacy.
The opium problem grew steadily worse. In the modern era, Western colonialism has been a vehicle for the diffusion of a wide range of narcotic substances, but of all the drugs promoted by colonialism, opium occupies a unique place.
Smuggling as Subversion is the first comprehensive account of the opium industry in western India during the colonial period, from its beginnings to the midth century.4/5(1).
worlds of the Indian Ocean, the East, and Southeast Asia. One would like to underline that close attention needs to be paid to processes at the local level so as to make sense of global patterns of trade in key colonial commodities.
In the case of the sea-borne trade in Indian opium (as distinct from the internal trade inCited by: 1. The Indian opium revenue: its nature and effects Added title page title: Opium trade -- China -- History -- 19th century (lcsh) hardly credible, tale.
The following extracts from Blue Books have been collected to display its true character and tendency, upon indisputable authority. Desire for brevity has led to the omission of much. Opium: A "morally indefensible trade in a "horrible drug" Cambridge University Library; The Opium Trade Maritime Heritage Project “Narcotics and empire” from Frontline-The Hindu Volume 23 - Issue 20 May - 2 Junenow archived.
A review of the book Opium City, The Making of Early Victorian Bombay by Amar Farooqui. Many have accepted that the Arrow War () was caused by an insult to the British flag belonging to the pirate boat Arrow.
Wong argues that Britain's reliance on the opium trade with China played a far greater role in pushing the diplomatic conflict into war. the Chinese who began smoking opium in pipes during the mids. This habit had spread throughout the Qing Empire and to virtually all strata in society by the s.
In vain, the Qing Emperors forbade the consumption of opium and its sale. In this early period most of China’s opium came from India where poppy.
The India-China Opium Trade in the Nineteenth Century. From to a fleet of small, fast brigs and schooners carried chests of opium from India to China, often facing the challenges of pirates and typhoons along the way.
This shadowy trade, conducted by American, British, and Indian firms, thrived despite its moral and legal consequences. A superb historical novel about the opium trade by Amitav Ghosh.
Amitav Ghosh reaffirms his place as one of contemporary India’s greatest writers with this extraordinarily rich tale of class conflict, exploitation, and forbidden love against the background of the opium trade. The story is set inshortly before the First Opium War in China which set the stage for.
From to a fleet of small, fast brigs and schooners carried chests of opium from India to China, often facing the challenges of pirates and typhoons along the way. This shadowy trade, conducted by American, British, and Indian firms, thrived despite its moral and legal consequences.
Drawing largely on primary sources, the story of the opium trade comes. By the opium trade with China, the biggest market, had ended. However, the British Indian monopoly on opium continued until India won independence in What confounds Dr Bauer is "how a few thousand opium clerks controlled millions of peasants, forcing them to produce a crop that actually harms them".
It's a good question. Opium profits funded many leading Boston institutions. The Perkins brothers helped found Massachusetts General Hospital, McLean Hospital and the Boston Athenæum. The names of other opium barons are engraved on university buildings, high schools and public libraries.
Fred Delano Grant. Free trade and the Opium Wars through the lens of Amitav Ghosh into supporting its opium trade with China. The Indian polity fragmented by culture, traditions, language and size presented no.
China trade approached its termination date (in ). The Company became more dependent than ever on opium revenue, while private merchants hastened to increase their stake in the lucrative trade. On the eve of the first Opium War, the British were shipping s chests to China annually.
By this date, it was estimated thatFile Size: 1MB. other Indian exports shows how important opium was to Indian trade. Fromopium made up % of all Indian exports and from dropped to some extent to a proportion of % of all exports.
Opium was the single largest File Size: 2MB. The competition of China-grown opium was the chief reason for the fall in the price of opium which reduced the net opium revenue from 6,£ into 2, £ in Flower of joy, (New York, Willey Book Co., The Indian opium trade: the debate in the House of Commons on the resolution introduced by Sir Joseph W.
Pease Friday, 24th May, 'A revenue for India out of the blood of Chinamen': a few pages reprinted from 'The truth about opium-smoking' /. The Opium Monopoly Ellen Newbold La Motte Full view - Page 12 - Japan has become one of the considerable purchasers of Indian opium.
She purchases for Formosa, where the opium trade shows a steady growth, and where opium Is. The opium trafficked into China was processed by the EIC at its two factories in Patna and Benares. In the s, opium from Malwa in the non-British controlled part of India became available, and as prices fell due to competition, production was stepped up.
36 Crooke gives a figure from near Aligarh of rents at Rs 12 per acre ( per bigha) for lands in the first category, Rs 8–12 annas in the second and Rs 4–12 annas in the last, per acre (p.
53). A private witness before the Opium Commission ofconcerned to show the plight of the opium cultivators, stated that rents in Patna at that time did not exceed Rs 10 per Cited by: Opium as an Instrument of State Power. While there are many examples of the use of opium as an instrument of state power, perhaps the two most well-known examples are the role of opium in trade relations, and the use of opium as a source of revenue for the state.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), the English East India Company or the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company.
It was formed to trade in the Indian Headquarters: London, Great Britain. The Indian finances of the British Government have, in fact, been made to depend not only on the opium trade with China, but on the contraband character of that trade.
Were the Chinese Government to legalize the opium trade simultaneously with tolerating the cultivation of the poppy in China, the Anglo-Indian exchequer would experience a. The revenue of India is derived from various sources, and is classified under eight heads.
Thus: for Out of these eight classifications, opium comes fourth on the list. But in addition to the direct opium revenue, we must add another item, Excise, which is found under the third heading, taxation.
The opium trade by Indians not only financed much of British firms" tea purchases in China but, equally importantly, it provided the British authorities with steady revenue from the duty charged on the sale of opium passing through British territory to ports in India.
Opium Commission's Report; Motion to Suppress India's Opium Trade Defeated. From Raj to Rafale 3: Opium of India Inc In the third part of the series on corruption in modern India, Alam Srinivas explores the intricacies of the illegal exports of Indian opium to China, which enabled most of the country’s well-known business families to become rich and wealthy.
Some of them are globally-renowned even today. Trade is the stalwart of the British Empire. China threatens Britain’s Opium trade. Britain and China go to war. When Britain sent troops to compel the Chinese to accept imports of opium, they opened what is argued to be one of the most disgraceful chapters in the history of the Empire.
How did the situation arise?Cited by: The East India Company really was too big to fail. So it was that in it was saved by history’s first mega-bailout. But unlike Lehman Brothers, the East India Company really was too big to fail. In the Indian classical texts, opium finds its first mention in the Sarangdhara Samhita, which is primarily a book on pharmacy and popular amongst the physicians of Rajasthan, supposed to be written in the thirteenth or fourteenth century AD, as aphiphena and nagaphena.
A fifteenth century text contains reference to the extensive use of opium. The First Opium War began in and was fought over trade, financial reparations, and diplomatic status. In the late 18th century, the British East India Company, contravening Chinese laws, had begun smuggling Indian opium into China and became the leading suppliers by Bythe Company was illegally sending 4, chests of opium (each weighing 77 kg) to.
For the illegal drug trade, the morphine is extracted from the opium latex, reducing the bulk weight by 88%. It is then converted to heroin which is two to four times as potent, and increases the value by a similar factor. The reduced weight and bulk make it easier to (s) of plant: Latex.Q: When was the official Opium Department in British India abolished?
A: TLDR- I am not exactly sure, but my guess it never was formally abolished. The independence of India abolished a lot of things, this was yet another department which faced th.Opium also figured in labour control.
Early in the century, untilthe Transvaal legally imported tons of opium for the use of migrant Chinese workers recruited to the gold mines.
It legislated a formal system of opium provision for these workers and farmed the revenue through a customs act. Opium consumption was entirely legal.